Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2002, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (2): 84

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A quantitative assessment of heart phantom motion and its effect on myocardial perfusion SPECT images

SHI Hong-Cheng, CHEN Shao-Liang, Zhang Xin1, YAO Zhi-Feng, LIU Wen-Guan, ZHU Wei-Min   

  1. Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200092;
    1 Shanghai I & C Foreign Language School, Shanghai 200231
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SHI Hong-Cheng, CHEN Shao-Liang, Zhang Xin, YAO Zhi-Feng, LIU Wen-Guan, ZHU Wei-Min. A quantitative assessment of heart phantom motion and its effect on myocardial perfusion SPECT images.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2002, 13(2): 84

Abstract: In order to study the image characteristics of motion artifacts and to determine the relations of motion artifacts with varied motion types, and the imaging timings, frames, distances and directions during SPECT acquisition, a myocardial phantom filled with pertechnetate solution was used to simulate the patient motion. In nonreturning pattern, the simulation motion was tired at the 0°, -45° and -90° positions during the rotation of the detector over a 180° arc from +45° right antcrior oblique to -135° left posterior oblique. Simulation motion was performed by moving the phantom ±5mm, ±10 mm and ±20mm along X- (from left to right), ¥- (from head to caudal) and Z-axis (from back to ventral) respectively. In returning pattern the acquired 30 projections were divided into three equal party. The simulation motion was timed at the middie 1-7 projections of each part and performed by moving the phantom ±5, ±10, ±15, ±20, ±25, ±30 and ±50 mm along X-, Y- and Z- axis respectively. Each image was compared with normal image and assessed by three experienced observers without knowledge of the phantom motion. Logistic regression analysis used to determine the relationship of motion artifacts with the affecting factors. No significant artifacts can be found when the phantom was moved slightly, no matter which motion pattern, direction and timing were taken. The characteristics of motion artifacts showed a radioactive marker dot in inferior wall firstly when the phantom: was mnoved along X-axis. Septal and lateral wall became "hot" symmetrically when the phantom was moved along Y-axis, And nodular hot could be found in anterior wall when the phantom was moved along Z-axis. At last the "lumpy" and "defect" areas existed alternately and formed a triangle respectively. The presence of motion artifacts was related to motion directions, distance and affected frames, but was independent of motion timing. The characteristics of motion artifacts could be fouud when the phantom was moved along different axis, Motion distance contributed more to the appearance of motion artifacts than other related factors, this was especially dene When motion was along Y-axis.

Key words: Heart phantom, Myocardial perfusion SPECT, Motion artifacts