Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 97 doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0624-0

• NUCLEAR ENERGY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Simulation of hydrogen distribution and effect of engineering safety features (ESFs) on its mitigation in a WWER-1000 containment

Omid Noori-kalkhoran1 • Najmeh Jafari-ouregani2 • Massimiliano Gei1 • Rohollah Ahangari3   

  1. 1 School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    2 National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia
    3 Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran, Iran
  • Received:2018-07-14 Revised:2018-11-19 Accepted:2018-12-28
  • Contact: Omid Noori-kalkhoran
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Omid Noorikalkhorana, Najmeh Jafarib, Massimiliano Geia, Rohollah Ahanagaric. Simulation of hydrogen distribution and effect of engineering safety features (ESFs) on its mitigation in a WWER-1000 containment.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2019, 30(6): 97     doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0624-0

Abstract: In this study, thermal–hydraulic parameters inside the containment of a WWER-1000/v446 nuclear power plant are simulated in a double-ended cold leg accident for short and long times (by using CONTAIN 2.0 and MELCOR 1.8.6 codes), and the effect of the spray system as an engineering safety feature on parameters mitigation is analyzed with the former code. Along with the development of the accident from design basis accident to beyond design basis accident, the Zircaloy–steam reaction becomes the source of in-vessel hydrogen generation. Hydrogen distribution inside the containment is simulated for a long time (using CONTAIN and MELCOR), and the effect of recombiners on its mitigation is analyzed (using MELCOR). Thermal–hydraulic parameters and hydrogen distribution profiles are presented as the outcome of the investigation. By activating the spray system, the peak points of pressure and temperature occur in the short time and remain below the maximum design values along the accident time. It is also shown that recombiners have a reliable effect on reducing the hydrogen concentration below flame propagation limit in the accident localization area. The parameters predicted by CONTAIN and MELCOR are in good agreement with the final safety analysis report. The noted discrepancies are discussed and explained.

Key words: Containment, Hydrogen distribution, In-vessel severe accident, Recombiners, CONTAIN MELCOR