Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2018, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12):
Special Section on International Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics in Heavy-Ion Reaction (IWND2018)
• Special Section on International Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics in Heavy-Ion Reaction (IWND2018) •
Yang Liu, Yan-Lin Ye
This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFA0404403) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11535004, 11875074, 11875073, 11775004, 11775013, 11775316).
Clustering is a general phenomenon observed in light nuclei, especially in neutron-rich nuclei in which molecular configurations can be formed with various combinations of valence neutrons. Thus far, many theoretical models have been developed to describe nuclear clustering phenomena. These models are outlined in this review article, with an emphasis on their basic formulations and physical ingredients. In addition, various experimental tools, such as inelastic excitation and decay, transfer reactions, and resonant scattering reactions, have been applied to investigate the cluster structures inside the nucleus. Each tool possesses certain advantages and favorable applications, which are also described. In the case of neutron-rich nuclei, cluster structures may be configured as molecular states that form rotational bands with an extremely large moment of inertia and generate relatively large cluster decay width. The major experimental criteria for the identification of cluster formation are discussed herein.
Microscopic cluster models,
Monopole transition strength,
Selective decay patterns
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