Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2014, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 040603 doi: 10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.25.040603

• NUCLEAR ENERGY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Development of a beta radioluminescence nuclear battery

XU Zhi-Heng, TANG Xiao-Bin, HONG Liang, LIU Yun-Peng, CHEN Da   

  1. 1Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
  • Contact: TANG Xiao-Bin
  • Supported by:

    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11205088), the Aeronautical Science Foundation of China (No. 2012ZB52021), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Foundation of Graduate Innovation Center in NUAA (No. kfjj130125)

XU Zhi-Heng, TANG Xiao-Bin, HONG Liang, LIU Yun-Peng, CHEN Da. Development of a beta radioluminescence nuclear battery.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2014, 25(4): 040603     doi: 10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.25.040603


A nuclear battery consisting of a beta source, a phosphor layer and a photovoltaic device was prepared. Planar phosphor layers were synthesized through physical precipitation of ZnS:Cu, ZnS:Ag or SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ phosphors. The radioluminescence (RL) spectra were used to analyze the RL effects of the phosphor layers under beta-particle excitation. Feasibility of using the materials as intermediate absorbers in the beta batteries was studied. The I–V characteristics of beta RL nuclear batteries with different phosphor layers were tested using 63Ni or 147Pm beta sources. The output power of zinc sulfide matrix phosphor layer was better than that of rare-earth element oxides. In addition, a thin aluminum reflective layer was vacuum-evaporated on the phosphor layers to improve the efficiency of beta RL nuclear batteries, and the results were discussed.

Key words: Beta radioluminescence nuclear battery, Phosphor layer, Radioluminescence spectra, Current-voltage characteristic