Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2010, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 146-151 doi: 10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.21.146-151

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Cu2O nanoparticles: Radiation synthesis, and photocatalytic activity

LIN Xiangfeng1 ZHOU Ruimin1,* SHENG Xiaohai2 ZHANG Jianqiang1   

  1. 1 Shanghai Applied Radiation Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 201800, China 2 National Engineering Research Center for Nanotechnology, Shanghai 200241, China
LIN Xiangfeng, ZHOU Ruimin, SHENG Xiaohai, ZHANG Jianqiang. Cu2O nanoparticles: Radiation synthesis, and photocatalytic activity.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2010, 21(3): 146-151     doi: 10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.21.146-151

Abstract:

Cu2O nanocrystals were synthesized by irradiating an aqueous solution of CuSO4·5H2O (1.25g), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA, 0.8 g), and isopropanol (3.1 mL). The products were characterized by powder XRD, TEM and SEM. Methyl orange degradation under visible light using the Cu2O nanocrystals as catalyst was studied by UV-Vis absorption method. The results show that the products are nanocrystals of pure Cu2O. Morphology and size of the nanoparticles are affected by the irradiation dose and pH value of the initial solution. Octahedral Cu2O nanocrystals of 116 nm in size can be obtained at the initial pH of 8.0 and 280-kGy irradiation. The nanocrystals have excellent catalytic activity for photodegradation of the methyl orange solution bubbled at the air-flow rate of 750 mL·min–1, due to the large {111} facets of octahedral Cu2O particles.

Key words: E-beam irradiation, Cuprous oxide, Nanoparticles, Photodegradation