Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2009, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 188-192 doi: 10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.20.188-192

• NUCLEAR ENGINEERING • Previous Articles    

Disposal of high level nuclear wastes: Thermodynamic equilibrium and environment ethics

RANA Mukhtar Ahmed   

  1. Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan
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RANA Mukhtar Ahmed. Disposal of high level nuclear wastes: Thermodynamic equilibrium and environment ethics.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2009, 20(3): 188-192     doi: 10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.20.188-192


Contamination of soil, water or air, due to a failure of containment or disposal of high level nuclear wastes, can potentially cause serious hazards to the environment or human health. Essential elements of the environment and radioactivity dangers to it are illustrated. Issues of high level nuclear waste disposal are discussed with a focus on thermodynamic equilibrium and environment ethics. Major aspects of the issues are analyzed and described briefly to build a perception of risks involved and ethical implications. Nuclear waste containment repository should be as close as possible to thermodynamic equilibrium. A clear demonstration about safety aspects of nuclear waste management is required in gaining public and political confidence in any possible scheme of permanent disposal. Disposal of high level nuclear waste offers a spectrum of environment connected challenges and a long term future of nuclear power depends on the environment friendly solution of the problem of nuclear wastes.

Key words: Nuclear Wastes, Thermodynamic equilibrium, Environment ethics, Policy making, Public confidence