Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2018 Impact factor 0.961

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2008, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 230 doi: 10.1016/S1001-8042(08)60055-X

• RADIOCHEMISTRY, RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS AND NUCLEAR MEDICIN • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Biological distribution of 131I-labeled anti-nucleus antigen monoclonal antibody chTNT in patients with pulmonary metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma

MA Qingjie GAO Shi ZHAO Jie WEN Qiang BAI Lin ZHANG Haoran ZHAO Guoqing*   

  1. China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun 130033, China
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MA Qingjie GAO Shi ZHAO Jie WEN Qiang BAI Lin ZHANG Haoran ZHAO Guoqing. Biological distribution of 131I-labeled anti-nucleus antigen monoclonal antibody chTNT in patients with pulmonary metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2008, 19(4): 230     doi: 10.1016/S1001-8042(08)60055-X

Abstract: This work is to study the in vivo biological distribution of 131I-labeled mouse/human chimeric monoclonal antibody (131I-chTNT) in patients with pulmonary metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Ten patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma were injected intravenously with a single dose of 131I-chTNT (5 MBq·kg-1 body weight). Radioactivity of blood and urine samples was measured at different time points. The in vivo stability and the metabolic status of 131I-chTNT were detected with supersaturated trichloroacetic acid. Continuous imaging was performed to outline the region of interest (ROI) and estimate the intake level on the whole body, major organs and tumor lesions at different time points. The serum time-radioactivity curve of 131I-chTNT accorded with the two-compartment model after a single intravenous injection: T1/2(h)=65.28±14.83, AUC0-t(MBq·h·mL-1)=8.93±1.32, AUC0-∞(MBq·h·mL-1)=10.58±2.19, and CL(mL·min-1·kg-1)=1635±359. The time-radioactivity percentage curve of 131I-chTNT urine excretion accorded with the one-compartment model after a single intravenous injection: T1/2(h)=99±10, and accumulative (31±9) % radioactivity of the injected dose was excreted in urine in one week. The percentages of serum 131I-chTNT in radioactive components at 24, 48 and 72 h were over 95% and it was still (88±7) % at 168 h. As for chemical composition of radioactive substances in urine, radioactivity in urine samples originated from free 131I by 100%. Radioactivity of 131I-chTNT after intravenous administration was mainly concentrated in the lung and liver, least in the brain. Radioactivity of tumor tissues reached the maximum at 24 h and the tumor/normal tissue (T/N) ratio reached the maximum (1.28~3.83) during 3~7 d. The characteristics of in vivo biological distribution of 131I-chTNT in patients with pulmonary metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma are favorable for its therapeutic application for the metastasis tumors.

Key words: Radionuclide, chTNT, Biological distribution, Pulmonary metastasis