Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 29 doi: 10.1007/s41365-020-0733-9

• ACCELERATOR, RAY AND APPLICATIONS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Multi-frequency point supported LLRF front-end for CiADS wide-bandwidth application

Qi Chen1,2 • Zheng Gao1 • Zheng-Long Zhu1 • Zong-Heng Xue1 • Yuan He1 • Xian-Wu Wang1   

  1. 1 Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2 School of Nuclear Science and Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-11-11 Revised:2019-12-20 Accepted:2020-01-11
  • Contact: Yuan He
  • Supported by:
    The multi-frequency supported front-end prototype was guided and supported by Lawrence Doolittle, Gang Huang, Derun Li, and John Byrd from LBNL, and benefited from Lawrence Doolittle’s and Gang Huang’s valuable comments and suggestions on the design. Thanks to Derun Li and John Byrd’s project financial support.
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Qi Chen, Zheng Gao, Zheng-Long Zhu, Zong-Heng Xue, Yuan He, Xian-Wu Wang. Multi-frequency point supported LLRF front-end for CiADS wide-bandwidth application.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2020, 31(3): 29     doi: 10.1007/s41365-020-0733-9

Abstract: The China initiative Accelerator Driven System, CiADS, physics design adopts 162.5 MHz, 325 MHz, and 650 MHz cavities, which are driven by the corresponding radio frequency (RF) power system, requiring frequency translation front-end for the RF station. For that application, a general-purpose design front-end prototype has been developed to evaluate the multi-frequency point supported design feasibility. The difficult parts to achieve the requirements of the general-purpose design are reasonable device selection and balanced design. With a carefully selected low-noise wide-band RF mixer and amplifier to balance the performance of multi-frequency supported down-conversion, specially designed LO distribution net to increase isolation between adjacent channels, and external band-pass filter to realize expected up-conversion frequencies, high maintenance and modular front-end general-purpose design has been implemented. Results of standard parameters show an 𝑅2 value of at least 99.991% in the range of − 60–10 dBm for linearity, up to 18 dBm for P1dB, and up to 89 dBc for cross talk between adjacent channels. The phase noise spectrum is lower than 80 dBc in the range of 0–1 MHz; cumulative phase noise is 0.006°; and amplitude and phase stability are 0.022% and 0.034°, respectively.

Key words: Frequency jump, RF Front-end, LLRF, CiADS