Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 99 doi: 10.1007/s41365-020-00812-8

• NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Intrinsic background radiation of LaBr3(Ce) detector via coincidence measurements and simulations

Hao Cheng1,2,3 • Bao-Hua Sun1,2 • Li-Hua Zhu1,2 • Tian-Xiao Li3 • Guang-Shuai Li1 • Cong-Bo Li3 • Xiao-Guang Wu3 • Yun Zheng3   

  1. This work was supported by the National Key R & D program of China (No. 2016YFA0400504) and by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. U1832211, U1867210, 11922501, 11961141004, 11575018, 11790322, and U1932209).
  • Received:2020-07-11 Revised:2020-08-20 Accepted:2020-08-22
  • Contact: Bao-Hua Sun E-mail:bhsun@buaa.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Key R & D program of China (No. 2016YFA0400504) and by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. U1832211, U1867210, 11922501, 11961141004, 11575018, 11790322, and U1932209).
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Hao Cheng, Bao-Hua Sun, Li-Hua Zhu, Tian-Xiao Li, Guang-Shuai Li, Cong-Bo Li, Xiao-Guang Wu, Yun Zheng. Intrinsic background radiation of LaBr3(Ce) detector via coincidence measurements and simulations.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2020, 31(10): 99     doi: 10.1007/s41365-020-00812-8
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Abstract: The LaBr3(Ce) detector has attracted much attention in recent years because of its superior characteristics compared with other scintillating materials in terms of resolution and efficiency. However, it has a relatively high intrinsic background radiation because of the naturally occurring radioisotopes in lanthanum, actinium, and their daughter nuclei. This limits its applications in low-counting rate experiments. In this study, we identified the radioactive isotopes in the ϕ3′′×3′′ Saint-Gobain B380 detector by a coincidence measurement using a Clover detector in a low-background shielding system. Moreover, we carried out a Geant4 simulation of the experimental spectra to evaluate the activities of the main internal radiation components. The total activity of the background radiation of B380 is determined to be 1.523 (34) Bq/cm3. The main sources include 138La at 1.428 (34) Bq/cm3, 207Tl at 0.0135 (13) Bq/cm3, 211Bi at 0.0136 (15) Bq/cm3, 215Po at 0.0135 (3) Bq/cm3, 219Rn at 0.0125 (12) Bq/cm3, 223Fr at 0.0019 (11) Bq/cm3, 223Ra at 0.0127 (10) Bq/cm3, 227Th at 0.0158 (22) Bq/cm3, and 227Ac at 0.0135 (13) Bq/cm3. Of these, the activities of 207Tl, 211Po, 215Po, 223Fr, and 227Ac are deduced for the first time from the secular equilibrium established in the decay chain of 227Ac.

Key words: LaBr3, Coincidence measurement technique, Intrinsic radiation, GEANT4 simulation