Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 55 doi: 10.1007/s41365-020-00762-1

• ACCELERATOR, RAY AND APPLICATIONS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on cosmogenic radioactive production in germanium as a background for future rare event search experiments

Yu-Lu Yan 1, Wei-Xin Zhong 2, Shin-Ted Lin 1, Jing-Jun Zhu3, Chen-Kai Qiao1, Lei-Zhang1, Yu Liu1, Qian Yue4, Hao-Yang Xing1, Shu-Kui Liu1   

  1. 1 College of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
    2 School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 30071, China
    3 Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
    4 Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2019-12-25 Revised:2020-03-08 Accepted:2020-03-29
  • Contact: Hao-Yang Xing E-mail:xhy@scu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFA0402203), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11975162), and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (No. 20822041C4030).
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Yu-Lu Yan, Wei-Xin Zhong, Shin-Ted Lin, Jing-Jun Zhu, Chen-Kai Qiao, Lei Zhang, Yu Liu, Qian-Yue, Hao-Yang Xing, Shu-Kui Liu. Study on cosmogenic radioactive production in germanium as a background for future rare event search experiments.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2020, 31(6): 55     doi: 10.1007/s41365-020-00762-1

Abstract: Rare event search experiments are one of the most important topics in the field of fundamental physics, and high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors with an ultralow radioactive background are frequently used for such experiments. However, cosmogenic activation contaminates germanium crystals during transport and storage. In this study, we investigated the movable shielding containers of HPGe crystals using Geant4 and CRY Monte Carlo simulations. The production rates of 68Ge, 65Zn, 60Co, 55Fe, and 3H were obtained individually for different types of cosmic rays. The validity of the simulation was confirmed through a comparison with the available experimental data. Based on this simulation, we found that the interactions induced by neutrons contribute to approximately 90% of the production rate of cosmogenic activation. In addition, by adding an optimized shielding structure, the production rates of cosmogenic radionuclides are reduced by about one order of magnitude. Our results show that it is feasible to use a shielding container to reduce the cosmogenic radioactivity produced during the transport and storage of high-purity germanium on the ground.

Key words: High-purity germanium, Shielding structure, Geant4, Transportation