Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (7): 110 doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0631-1

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Comparison of experimental and theoretical radiation shielding parameters of some greener alternative products

F. Akman1, O. Agar2, M.R. Kaçal3, M.I. Sayyed4    

  1. 1Bing?l University, Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Department of Electronic Communication Technology, 12000 Bing?l, Turkey
    2Karamano?lu Mehmetbey University, Department of Physics, Karaman, Turkey
    3Giresun University, Arts and Sciences Faculty, Department of Physics, 28100 Giresun, Turkey
    4University of Tabuk, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
  • Received:2018-10-06 Revised:2019-03-13 Accepted:2019-03-31
  • Contact: F. Akman
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F. Akman, O. Agar, M.R. Kaçal, M.I. Sayyed. Comparison of experimental and theoretical radiation shielding parameters of some greener alternative products.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2019, 30(7): 110     doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0631-1

Abstract: In this study, the gamma radiation shielding features of several environmentally friendly materials were investigated. For this purpose, several attenuation parameters, such as the mass attenuation coefficient ( μ/ρ ), radiation protection efficiency (RPE), and effective atomic number (Zeff) were determined experimentally and compared with numerical data obtained using WinXCom software. In the measurements, the emitted gamma photons were counted by a gamma spectrometer equipped with an HPGe detector using 22Na, 54Mn, 57Co, 60Co, 133Ba, and 137Cs radioactive point sources in the energy region of 81–1333 keV. The obtained results indicate that the μ/ρ and RPE values of the samples decrease with an increase in photon energy. The experimental values are in good agreement with those obtained using WinXCom software. The RPE and Zeff results show that among the studied materials, the NaY0.77Yb0.20Er0.03F4 sample has the best gamma radiation shielding effectiveness.

Key words: Greener products, Radiation shielding, Attenuation coefficient, WinXCOM, Radiation protection efficiency