Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 89 doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0615-1

• NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY,RADIOCHEMISTRY,RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Hydrodynamic characteristics of 30%TBP/kerosene-HNO3 solution system in an annular centrifugal contactor

Hong-Lin Chen1 • Jian-Chen Wang1 • Wu-Hua Duan1,2 • Jing Chen1,2   

  1. 1 Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2 Beijing Key Lab of Radioactive Waste Treatment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Contact: Wu-Hua Duan E-mail:dwh203@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University of Ministry of Education of China (No. IRT13026) and the National 863 Program for Nuclear Fuel Cycling and Nuclear Safety Technology Project (No. 2009AA050703).
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Hong-Lin Chen, Jian-Chen Wang, Wu-Hua Duan, Jing Chen. Hydrodynamic characteristics of 30%TBP/kerosene-HNO3 solution system in an annular centrifugal contactor.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2019, 30(6): 89     doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0615-1
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Abstract: Annular centrifugal contactors (ACCs) have many advantages and are recognized as key solvent-extraction equipment for the future reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (RSNF). To successfully design and operate ACCs for RSNF, it is necessary to understand the hydrodynamic characteristics of the extraction systems in ACCs. The phase ratio (R = Vaq/Vorg, A/O) and liquid holdup volume (V) of the ACC are important hydrodynamic characteristics. In this study, a liquid-fast-separation method was used to systematically investigate the effects of the operational and structural parameters on the V and R (A/O) of a ϕ20 ACC by using a 30%TBP/kerosene-HNO3 solution system. The results showed that the operational and structural parameters had different effects on the V and R (A/O) of the mixing and separating zones of the ACC, respectively. For the most frequently used structural parameters of the ϕ20 ACC, when the rotor speed was 3500 r/min, the total flow rate was 2.0 L/h, and the flow ratio (A/O) was 1, the liquid holdup volumes in the mixing zone and rotor were 8.03 and 14.0 mL, respectively, and the phase ratios (A/O) of the mixing zone and separating zone were 0.96 and 1.43, respectively.

Key words: Annular centrifugal contactor, Liquid-fastseparation method, Phase ratio (A/O), Liquid holdup volume, Structural parameter, Operational parameter