Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2019, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 88 doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0613-3

• ACCELERATOR, RAY AND APPLICATIONS • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Design and testing of an internal hot-cathode-type PIG ion source for superconducting cyclotron

Shi-Wen Xu1 • Yun-Tao Song2 • Gen Chen2 • Yu-Qian Chen3 • Liu-Si Sheng1 • Man-Man Xu4 • Oleg Karamyshev5 • Galina Karamysheva5 • Grigori Shirkov5   

  1. 1 University of Science and Technology of China, No. 443 HuangShan Road, Hefei 230026, China
    2 Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China
    3 East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
    4 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu 241000, China
    5 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, Russia
  • Received:2018-12-02 Revised:2019-03-03 Accepted:2019-03-07
  • Contact: Gen Chen E-mail:chengen@ipp.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11775258 and 11575237), the International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Project of Anhui (No. 1704e1002207), the Research Initiation Foundation of Anhui Polytechnic University (No. 2018YQQ001), the Pre-Research National Natural Science Foundation of China of Anhui Polytechnic University (No. 2019yyzr13), and the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui (No. 1908085QA25).
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Shi-Wen Xu, Yun-Tao Song, Gen Chen, Yu-Qian Chen, Liu-Si Sheng, Man-Man Xu, Oleg Karamyshev, Galina Karamysheva, Grigori Shirkov. Design and testing of an internal hot-cathode-type PIG ion source for superconducting cyclotron.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2019, 30(6): 88     doi: 10.1007/s41365-019-0613-3
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Abstract: The superconducting cyclotron SC200 is intended to generate a 200 MeV, 400 nA proton beam for future particle therapy. The internal hot-cathode-type Penning ionization gauge (PIG) ion source for the SC200 is designed for the generation of hydrogen ions. A brief description of the design of ion source and test bench, which are used in SC200, is given in this paper. The ion source has been verified on the test bench, and the results indicated that the designed ion source meets the expected requirements. The lifetime of the filament exceeded 100 h in the test. In addition, the extraction voltage and the gas flow that influence the extracted ion current intensity have been tested in the experiment.

Key words: Cyclotrons, Ion source, Test bench, Simulation