Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2018, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 152 doi: 10.1007/s41365-018-0493-y

• LOW ENERGY ACCELERATOR, RAY AND APPLICATIONS •     Next Articles

Calculation of photon attenuation coefficient and dose rate in concrete with the addition of SiO2 and MnFe2O4 nanoparticles using MCNPX code and comparison with experimental results

M. Hassanzadeh1 • S. M. Sadat Kiai 2   

  1. 1 Reactor and Nuclear Safety School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran, Iran
    2 Plasma and Nuclear Fusion Research School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran, Iran
  • Contact: M. Hassanzadeh E-mail:m_hassanzadeh1354@yahoo.com
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M. Hassanzadeh, S. M. Sadat Kiai. Calculation of photon attenuation coefficient and dose rate in concrete with the addition of SiO2 and MnFe2O4 nanoparticles using MCNPX code and comparison with experimental results.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2018, 29(11): 152     doi: 10.1007/s41365-018-0493-y
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Abstract:

One of the most important safety features of nuclear facilities is the shielding material used to protect the operating personnel from radiation exposure. The most common materials used in radiation shielding are concretes. In this study, a Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended code is used to calculate the gamma-ray attenuation coefficients and dose rates for a new concrete material composed of MnFe2O4 nanoparticles, which is then compared with the theoretical and experimental results obtained for a SiO2 nanoparticle concrete material. According to the results, the average relative differences between the simulations and the theoretical and experimental results for the linear attenuation coefficient (l) in the SiO2 nanoparticle materials are 6.4% and 5.5%, respectively. By increasing the SiO2 content up to 1.5% and the temperature of MnFe2O4 up to 673 K, l is increased for all energies. In addition, the photon dose rate decreases up to 9.2% and 3.7% for MnFe2O4 and SiO2 for gamma-ray energies of 0.511 and 1.274 MeV, respectively. Therefore, it was concluded that the addition of SiO2 and MnFe2O4 nanoparticles to concrete improves its nuclear properties and could lead to it being more useful in radiation shielding.

Key words: Shielding, Radiation, Concrete, Attenuation coefficient, Photon dose, MCNPX code, SiO2 and MnFe2O4 nanoparticles