Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2018, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5):
• SYNCHROTRON RADIATION TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS •
Yu Bian 1,2 • Wen-Yan Zhang 1 • Bo Liu 1 • Dong Wang 1
This work was supported by the National Program on Key Basic Research Project (No. 2016YFA0401900) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China.
Longitudinal electron bunch length plays a significant role in single-pass free-electron lasers (FEL), as the high-gain FEL process depends strongly on the high peak current of electron bunches. Longitudinal electron bunch length was measured by detecting the interferogram of coherent transition radiation generated by electron bunches using a THz interferometer and a Golay cell (spectral range 0.02–20 THz) at Shanghai X-ray free-electron laser. The detailed process of measurement and data analysis are discussed herein. Furthermore, the electron bunch length was estimated based on the dispersive strength R56 of the bunch compressor and the energy spread δ of electron bunches, which were obtained via experiments. The comparison showed that the measured bunch length was consistent with the estimated bunch length.
Electron bunch length,
Coherent transition radiation,
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