Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2018 Impact factor 0.961

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2017, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 26 doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0178-3 arXiv: 1609.00747

• Invited Review Article • Previous Articles    

Novel quantum phenomena induced by strong magnetic fields in heavy-ion collisions

Koichi Hattori 1,2, Xu-Guang Huang 1,3   

  1. 1 Physics Department and Center for Particle Physics and Field Theory, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
    2 RIKEN-BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA
    3 Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA
  • Received:2016-10-14 Revised:2016-11-16 Accepted:2016-11-26
  • Contact: Xu-Guang Huang E-mail:huangxuguang@fudan.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (No. 14ZR1403000), 1000 Young Talents Program of China, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11535012). K.H. is also supported by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation under Grant No. 2016M590312 and is grateful to support from RIKEN-BNL Research Center.

Koichi Hattori, Xu-Guang Huang. Novel quantum phenomena induced by strong magnetic fields in heavy-ion collisions.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2017, 28(2): 26     doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0178-3

Abstract:

The relativistic heavy-ion collisions create both hot quark–gluon matter and strong magnetic fields, and provide an arena to study the interplay between quantum chromodynamics and quantum electrodynamics. In recent years, it has been shown that such an interplay can generate a number of interesting quantum phenomena in hadronic and quark–gluon matter. In this short review, we first discuss some properties of the magnetic fields in heavy-ion collisions and then give an overview of the magnetic field-induced novel quantum effects. In particular, we focus on the magnetic effect on the heavy flavor mesons, the heavy-quark transports, and the phenomena closely related to chiral anomaly.

Key words: Relativistic heavy-ion collisions, Strong magnetic fields, Anomalous transports, Quarkonium, Heavy quark diffusion dynamics