Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 120 doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0114-6

• NUCLEAR ENERGY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preliminary physics study of the Lead–Bismuth Eutectic spallation target for China Initiative Accelerator-Driven System

Lu Zhang 1,2 , Yong-Wei Yang 1 , Yu-Cui Gao 1   

  1. 1 Department of Spallation Target, Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Road, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Contact: Yong-Wei Yang
  • Supported by:

    This work is supported by Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences under Grant Number of XDA03030102.

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Lu Zhang, Yong-Wei Yang, Yu-Cui Gao. Preliminary physics study of the Lead–Bismuth Eutectic spallation target for China Initiative Accelerator-Driven System.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2016, 27(5): 120     doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0114-6


The Lead–Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) spallation target has been considered as one of the two alternatives for the spallation target for China Initiative Accelerator-Driven System. This paper reports the preliminary study on physical feasibility of a U-type LBE target with window. The simulation results based on Monte Carlo transport code MCNPX indicate that the spallation neutron yield is about 2.5 per proton. The maximum spallation neutron flux is observed at about 3 cm below the lowest part of the window. When the LBE target is coupled with the reactor, the reactor neutrons from the fission reaction increased the neutron field significantly. The energy deposition of highenergy protons is the main heat source; the spallation neutrons and reactor neutrons contribute only a small fraction. The maximum energy deposition in the LBE is about 590 W/cm3 and that in the target window is about 319 W/cm3. To estimate the lifetime of the target window, we have calculated the radiation damages. The maximum displacement production rate in the target window is about 10 dpa/FPY. The hydrogen and helium production rates generated during normal operation were also evaluated. By analyzing the residual nucleus in the target during the steady operation, we estimated the accumulated quantities of the extreme radioactivity toxicant 210Po in the LBE target loop. The results would be helpful for the evaluation of the target behavior and will be beneficial to the optimization of the target design work of the experimental facilities.

Key words: LBE spallation target, Target behavior in subcritical reactor, Neutron flux, Energy deposition, Radiation damage, 210Po accumulated quantities