Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 104 doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0109-3


Removal of sulfonamide antibiotics from wastewater by gamma irradiation in presence of iron ions

Zhong Wan 1, Jian-Long Wang 1,2   

  1. 1 Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Technology, INET, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2 Beijing Key Laboratory of Radioactive Waste Treatment, INET, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Contact: Jian-Long Wang
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51338005).

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Zhong Wan, Jian-Long Wang. Removal of sulfonamide antibiotics from wastewater by gamma irradiation in presence of iron ions.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2016, 27(5): 104     doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0109-3


The presence of sulfonamide antibiotics in aquatic environments has received increasing attention in recent years. Sulfadiazine (SD), a widely used heterocyclic sulfonamide pharmaceutical, has entered into the receiving water body. In this paper, gamma rays are used to irradiate samples of sulfadiazine antibiotics-containing wastewater. The results demonstrate that SD can be effectively degraded by irradiation, but the mineralization degree of SD (in terms of TOC) is not as efficient as the SD degradation. The addition of Fe2? can significantly enhance the SD degradation and mineralization through the generation of hydroxyl radical by catalytic decomposition of H2O2 from water radiolysis. Ion chromatography analysis indicates that sulfate ions (SO4 2-) and formate (HCOO-) are the main intermediate products. Gamma irradiation is a promising technology for removing low-concentration antibiotics from water and wastewater.

Key words: Sulfadiazine (SD), Gamma radiation, Advanced oxidation process (AOP), Wastewater treatment, Antibiotics