Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 54 doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0053-2

• NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY,RADIOCHEMISTRY,RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A comprehensive study for mass attenuation coefficients of different parts of the human body through Monte Carlo methods

E. E. Ermis1 F. B. Pilicer 2 E. Pilicer 2 C. Celiktas1   

  1. 1 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
    2 Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Science, Uludag University, 16059 Gorukle, Bursa, Turkey
  • Contact: E. E. Ermis E-mail:elermis@hotmail.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by Scientific Research 277 Project of Ege University under Project No. 2014 FEN 026 and 278 Uludag University under Project No. OUAP(F)-2012/26.

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E. E. Ermis, F. B. Pilicer, E. Pilicer, C. Celiktas. A comprehensive study for mass attenuation coefficients of different parts of the human body through Monte Carlo methods.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2016, 27(3): 54     doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0053-2

Abstract:

The gamma-ray mass attenuation coefficients of blood, bone, lung, eye lens, adipose, tissue, muscle, brain and skin were calculated at different energies (60, 80, 150, 400, 500, 600, 1000, 1250, 1500, and 2000 keV) by various theoretical methods such as FLUKA, GEANT4 Monte Carlo (MC) methods and XCOM program in this work. Calculated coefficients were also compared with theNational Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) values. Obtained results were highly in accordance with each other and NIST values. Our results showed that FLUKA was quite convenient in comparison to GEANT4 in the calculation of themass attenuation coefficients of the used human body samples for low-energy photons (60, 80, and 150 keV) when compared with the NIST values.

Key words: Gamma-ray mass attenuation coefficient, FLUKA, GEANT4, XCOM