Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 19 doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0020-y

• NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY,RADIOCHEMISTRY,RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An investigation on the dosimetric impact of hip prosthesis in radiotherapy

Wen-Cheng Shao 1, Yan-Ling Bai 1, Wen-Bo Zhao 2, Pu-Nan Sun 3, Feng-Li Liu 3   

  1. 1. Department of Radiation Physics, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, 150081, China
    2. Beijing Xiao Qing Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd, Harbin office, Harbin, 150028, China
    3. School of physical science and technology, Heilongjiang University, Harbin, 150001, China
  • Contact: Yan-Ling Bai E-mail:baiyl2126@126.com
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Wen-Cheng Shao, Yan-Ling Bai, Wen-Bo Zhao, Pu-Nan Sun, Feng-Li Liu. An investigation on the dosimetric impact of hip prosthesis in radiotherapy.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2016, 27(1): 19     doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0020-y

Abstract:

The objectives of this study are to evaluate the dosimetric impact of hip prosthesis using ELEKTA linac X-rays and compare the dose perturbations of metallic and nonmetallic hip prostheses. The local dose distributions of typical hip prostheses were calculated for 4, 8, and 15MV15MV beams by Geant4. Three prosthesis materials were selected in calculation to reveal the relation between material type and local dose perturbations of prostheses. Furthermore, the effect of nominal energy on prosthesis perturbation was also discussed and analyzed. Taking the calculated dose to the hip joint as reference, considerable differences were observed between prostheses and hip joints. In the prosthesis shadow region, the relative dose decreasing was up to 36, 21, and 16 % for the Co–Cr–Mo alloy, titanium alloy, and ceramic prostheses, respectively. In backscattering region, the relative dose increasing was about 1–7 %. Overall, the results show that the dose perturbation effect of prostheses was mainly determined by material type, nominal energy, and density. Among these typical hip prostheses, ceramic prosthesis introduces the lowest dose perturbations.

Key words: Medical linac, Hip prosthesis, Ceramic, Dose perturbation, Monte Carlo method