Nuclear Science and Techniques

《核技术》(英文版) ISSN 1001-8042 CN 31-1559/TL     2019 Impact factor 1.556

Nuclear Science and Techniques ›› 2016, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 1 doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0013-x

• NUCLEAR ENERGY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING •     Next Articles

Characterization of crud deposited on fuel rods under HWC environment in Kuosheng Nuclear Power Plant

Tsuey-Lin Tsai, SU Te-Yen Su, Tsung-Yuan Wang, Tsen-Yu Yang   

  1. Chemistry Division, Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Longtan, Taoyuan
  • Contact: Tsuey-Lin Tsai E-mail:polly@iner.gov.tw
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Tsuey-Lin Tsai, SU Te-Yen Su, Tsung-Yuan Wang, Tsen-Yu Yang. Characterization of crud deposited on fuel rods under HWC environment in Kuosheng Nuclear Power Plant.Nuclear Science and Techniques, 2016, 27(1): 1     doi: 10.1007/s41365-016-0013-x

Abstract:

Under normal water chemistry (NWC) conditions, the oxygen and hydrogen peroxide produced by water radiolysis in the coolant of boiling water reactors (BWRs) can lead to intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) in the constituent materials of plant components. This fact has led to the wide-scale adoption of hydrogen water chemistry (HWC) in the nuclear industry to counteract these effects. This study seeks to characterize the metallic composition and the surface properties of the constituent materials of plant components in order to determine their effects on the accumulation of chalk river unidentified deposits (crud) on fuel rods in the BWR Unit-1 of the Kuosheng Nuclear Power Plant in Taiwan. Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) was used to calculate the concentrations of surface crud and gamma spectrometry was used to determine the radioactivity of the corrosion products, as well as their axial distribution across the surface of the fuel rods. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) were used to identify the crystalline phase and morphology of the crud as irregular shapes and flakes. The amount of crud deposited during the fourth fuel cycle exceeded that of the third fuel cycle due to extended burn up time. Our analytical results indicate that the implementation of HWC had no significant effect on the characteristics of subsequent crud deposits.

Key words: Crud, Hydrogen water chemistry (HWC), Normal water chemistry (NWC), Fuel rod