Nuclear Techniques ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 40502-040502.doi: 10.11889/j.0253-3219.2018.hjs.41.040502

• NUCLEAR PHYSICS, INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The performance of solid polymer electrolysis tritium enrichment system

LIU Jiayu1,2, LI Hua1, QIN Lailai1,2, DENG Ke1,2, MA Yuhua1,3, ZHANG Qin1,2, YANG Guo1,3, MA Zhaowei1,2, WEI Fei1,2, SHEN Miao1, QIAN Yuan1, LIU Wei1   

  1. 1. Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jiading Campus, Shanghai 201800, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai 201210, China
  • Received:2017-11-20 Revised:2018-02-14 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-11
  • Supported by:
    Supported by Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No.XDA0202020), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21601202), Youth Innovation Promotion Association (No.2017313)

Abstract: [Background] The solid polymer tritium electrolysis enrichment method is the mainstream to concentrate low-level tritium water. Its performance depends on whether it can obtain high tritium recovery. As the volume concentration factor is constant, the tritium separation coefficient determines the value of tritium recovery. [Purpose] This paper aims to enhance the tritium recovery of solid polymer electrolysis tritium enrichment system and improve the performance of tritium enrichment system. [Methods] The separation coefficient was adopted as an index to optimize the solid polymer tritium enrichment system on cathode and anode materials, electrolytic current and electrolysis temperature. [Results] With the initial volume ≥ 400 mL, the current of electrolytic water electrolysis device at 15 A, the temperature at 5℃, electrolysis residual volume ≤ 25 mL, we have been obtained the optimized tritium separation coefficient of 6.5, the tritium concentration system recovery factor ≥ 65%. [Conclusion] The performance of solid polymer electrolysis tritium enrichment system almost achieves international level.

Key words: Solid polymer electrolysis tritium enrichment, Tritium recovery factor, Separation coefficient, Electrocatalysts, Membrane electrode assembly

CLC Number: 

  • TL84