Nuclear Techniques ›› 2014, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 120601-120601.doi: 10.11889/j.0253-3219.2014.hjs.37.120601

• NUCLEAR ENERGY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Performance analysis of the air cooling tower for nitrate natural circulation loop

LIN Chao1,2 CAI Chuangxiong1 WANG Kai1 HE Zhaozhong1 CHEN Kun1   

  1. 1(Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jiading Campus, Shanghai 201800, China) 2(University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2014-08-25 Revised:2014-10-11 Online:2014-12-10 Published:2014-12-04

Abstract:

Background: Nitrate natural convection loop (NNCL) was designed to study the heat transfer behavior and corrosion behavior of direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS). DRACS is residual heat removal system of Advanced High-Temperature Reactor (AHTR) whilst the air cooling tower is the ultimate heat sink of DRACS. The structure of salt-to-air heat exchanger and the design of cooling tower are important in determining performance. Purpose: The aim is to study the performance on air cooling tower of nitrate natural convection loop, and finalize the optimization design. Methods: Based on the FLUENT software and structure model of the cooling tower, numerical simulations are carried out to study the heat transfer performance of NNCL. Results: The results show that the by-pass flow will reduce the heat transfer ability. The capacity of heat transfer can be enhanced by installing of the by-pass damper, and 3-layer by-pass damper can increase the capacity of heat transfer by as much as 100%. Conclusion: Numerical simulation can provide some basis for optimizing heat transfer performance of the air cooling tower, and increase the by-pass damper design is necessary to effectively avoid the by-pass flow of air heat exchanger.

Key words: Air cooling tower, Forced air circulation, Natural air circulation, Computational fluid dynamics (CFD), By-pass dampers, Enhanced heat transfer