Nuclear Techniques ›› 2014, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (04): 40501-040501.doi: 10.11889/j.0253-3219.2014.hjs.37.040501

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Defect effects on THz wave emission induced by ion irradiation

HUANG Can1,2 YANG Kang1,2 MA Mingwang3 HAI Yang1,2 ZHANG Zengyan1 ZHAO Hongwei1 ZHU Zhiyong1   

  1. 1(Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jiading Campus, Shanghai 201800, China) 2(University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China) 3(Institute of Electronic Engineering, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China)
  • Received:2013-12-13 Revised:2013-12-31 Online:2014-04-10 Published:2014-04-11


Background: As the core component of terahertz system, terahertz source determines the performance of the whole system. The THz wave emission efficiency depends decisively on the THz emitting materials which are usually made of low-temperature-grown gallium arsenide. It is found that through ion irradiation better THz wave emission material can be prepared, which overcomes the poor reproducibility of high quality material prepared by the traditional method. Purpose: In order to find out the best irradiation condition for producing the required photoconductive material, we try to clarify the mechanism of the THz wave emission induced by ion implantation. Methods: Applying Monte Carlo method, we simulated the terahertz emission under different defect conditions, and tested the emission efficiency of GaAs and InP(Fe) irradiated by N ions with the energy of 500 keV and 1.5 MeV, respectively. Results: MC simulation study shows that both capture cross-section and trap density can cause changes in terahertz pulse width and peak intensity. From the experiments conducted on ion irradiated semiconductors we found only the peak intensity changes with the irradiation fluence. Conclusion: It is proposed that intrinsic defects introduced during growth of crystals are the key defects that contribute mainly to the terahertz wave emission behavior, and defects introduced by ion irradiation may only modify the transport property of carriers through scattering in semiconductor, by which it changes the terahertz wave emission performance.

Key words: Monte Carlo simulation, Terahertz emission crystal, Ion irradiation induced defects