Nuclear Techniques ›› 2014, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (02): 20203-020203.

• LOW ENERGY ACCELERATOR, RAY AND APPLICATIONS •

### Characteristics of phenomenon and sound in microbubble emission boiling

ZHU Guangyu SUN Licheng TANG Jiguo

1. (Fundamental Science on Nuclear Safety and Simulation Technology Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China)
• Received:2013-08-19 Revised:2013-09-23 Online:2014-02-10 Published:2014-02-19

Abstract:

Background: Nowadays, the efficient heat transfer technology is required in nuclear energy. Therefore, micro-bubble emission boiling (MEB) is getting more attentions from many researchers due to its extremely high heat-transfer dissipation capability. Purpose: An experimental setup was built up to study the correspondences between the characteristics on the amplitude spectrum of boiling sound in different boiling modes. Methods: The heat element was a copper block heated by four Si-C heaters. The upper of the copper block was a cylinder with the diameter of 10 mm and height of 10 mm. Temperature data were measured by three T-type sheathed thermocouples fitted on the upper of the copper block and recorded by NI acquisition system. The temperature of the heating surface was estimated by extrapolating the temperature distribution. Boiling sound data were acquired by hydrophone and processed by Fourier transform. Bubble behaviors were captured by high-speed video camera with light system. Results: In nucleate boiling region, the boiling was not intensive and as a result, the spectra didn’t present any peak. While the MEB fully developed on the heating surface, an obvious peak came into being around the frequency of 300Hz. This could be explained by analyzing the video data. The periodic expansion and collapse into many extremely small bubbles of the vapor film lead to MEB presenting an obvious characteristic peak in its amplitude spectrum. Conclusion: The boiling mode can be distinguished by its amplitude spectrum. When the MEB fully developed, it presented a characteristic peak in its amplitude spectrum around the frequency between 300–400 Hz. This proved that boiling sound of MEB has a close relation with the behavior of vapor film.