Journal of Radiation Research and Radiation Proces ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 20301-020301.doi: 10.11889/j.1000-3436.2016.rrj.34.020301

• RADIATION CHEMISTRY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Synthesis and optical properties of TiO2 nanoparticles in SiO2 by Ti ion implantation

LIU Xiaoyu1, MU Xiaoyu1, JIA Guangyi1, LIU Changlong1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China;
    2. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Low Dimension Materials Physics and Preparing Technology, Institute of Advanced Materials Physics, Faculty of Science, Tianjin 300072, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Material Modification of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2015-10-29 Revised:2016-01-18 Online:2016-04-20 Published:2016-04-08
  • Supported by:

    Supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (11175129, 11535008) and Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (12JCZDJC 26900)


105 keV Ti ions were implanted into SiO2 substrate, and were then subjected to thermal annealing in oxygen atmosphere. The formation, structure, distribution, optical absorption property as well as photocatalytic performance of the formed nanoparticles (NPs) were characterized using various techniques such as ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The results clearly show that high-fluence Ti ion implantation into SiO2 along with thermal treatments in oxygen atmosphere could cause formation of TiO2 NPs, which mainly present rutile phase. Morphology of the synthesized TiO2 NPs depends strongly on the applied fluence of Ti ions. With the fluence increasing, the irregular and isolated NPs could be transferred into densely distributed TiO2 NPs, resulting in formation of particle-like thin films. In addition, the synthesized TiO2 NPs at higher fluence show a certain photocatalytic degradation performance on Rhodamine B solution.

Key words: Ion implantation, TiO2 nanoparticles, Annealing, Particle-like thin films

CLC Number: 

  • TL13