Journal of Radiation Research and Radiation Proces ›› 2017, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 20301-020301.doi: 10.11889/j.1000-3436.2017.rrj.35.020301

• RADIATION CHEMISTRY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of electron beam irradiation grafting on anti-wrinkle/water and oil repellency of cotton fabric

QIAN Haihong1,2, WANG Hongbo1,2, FU Jiajia1,2, CHEN Taiqiu3, JIANG Chunyan3   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Engineering Technology Research Center of Functional Textiles, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China;
    3. Shenghuadun Protection Technology Co. L.td, Wuxi 214122, China
  • Received:2016-12-15 Revised:2017-03-17 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-14
  • Supported by:

    Supported by the Industry-academic Joint Technological Prospective Fund Project of Jiangsu Province (BY2016022-23);Advanced Textile Engineering Technology Center Project of Jiangsu Province (XJFZ/2015/1)

Abstract:

MG-6600 and citric acid were used as a water and oil repellent and as an anti-wrinkle agent, respectively. Cotton fabrics were subjected to one of the following three processes: (1) the pad-dry-cure process, (2) electron beam irradiation grafting, and (3) plasma pretreatment, followed by electron beam irradiation grafting. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) proved that MG-6600 and citric acid were successfully grafted onto the cotton fiber. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the surfaces of the three types of treated cotton fabrics were covered by layers. Further, longitudinal stripes appeared on the surface of the fabric subjected to plasma pre-treatment. The change in the cotton fabric properties was characterized by measuring the wrinkle recovery angle (WRA), the contact angle (WCA), and the contact angle to oil (n-hexadecane) (OCA). The results showed that the wrinkle resistance and the water and oil repellency were optimized when the fabric was subjected to plasma pretreatment and electron beam irradiation: the WRA, WCA, and OCA were 185.9°, 158.9°, and 129.1°. Further, the breaking strength and whiteness of the cotton fabric met the requirements of the apparel standards, and the washing durability of cotton fabric was significantly enhanced.

Key words: Cotton fabric, Electron beam irradiation grafting, Plasma pre-treatment, Anti-wrinkle finishing, Water and oil repellent finishing

CLC Number: 

  • TL13